Automatic traffic management systems, development of cycling infrastructure and construction of a roundabout, implementation of digital tickets and electricity meters in trolleybuses and other changes – this is what residents of Kramatorsk will benefit from in the nearest future.


In 2017, in the framework of fulfillment of its tasks under the USAID Municipal Energy Reform in Ukraine Project, MDI developed the Concept for Increasing Effectiveness of Public Transport and Modernization of Municipal Infrastructure in Kramatorsk. This is the first step the city has undertaken towards development of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan that will open more opportunities to the city with regard to attracting grants, loans on preferential terms, investments. It will be a "Road Map" for building capacity of local authorities and residents to develop the effective transport system.


Multimodal transportation model is a modern tool for preparing, substantiating and taking decisions on transport infrastructure management allowing gather, process, calculate, store and visualize transport and socio-economic data.


So far, only three Ukrainian cities – Kyiv, Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk – were using the tool. This year Kramatorsk joined them.


For development of the transport model MDI used PTV Visum, software for traffic analyses, forecasts, transportation planning, and GIS-based data management.


In the course of the development of the model, MDI analyzed public, private, freight transport and utility cycling in Kramatorsk. The results of the analysis are as follows:

  1. Duplicate routes (2-3-4 routes are either 80-90% duplicated or go on parallel streets within pedestrian accessibility).
  2. Too many routes on some streets (thus limiting carrying capacity).
  3. Insufficient coverage of trolleybus network (a number of densely populated districts are not connected to trolleybus routes).
  4. Inefficient use of the trolleybus network (a significant part of the trolleybus infrastructure is used by routes within 40-60 minutes distance).
  5. Afunctional tram system (trams are operated in the districts with low passenger traffic not enough for efficient operation of trams).
  6. A network of fixed-run taxi operated at the routes with passenger traffic significantly exceeding carrying capacity of rolling stock.
  7. Lack of cycling infrastructure.
  8. Inefficient traffic lights and traffic lights management.

On the basis of the city's transport model MDI developed project proposals with minimum investments, which are:

  1. Implementing a new public transportation system with 9 new routes, reorganizing existing routes, closing 19 fixed-run, bus and trolleybus routes.
  2. Implementing routes with the highest passenger traffic as trolleybus routes. This will reduce transportation costs and will make the routes environmentally-friendly. This will be achieved due to construction of new trolleybus lines. Some trolleybus lines will be closed providing high passenger traffic is not expected at these routes.
  3. Implementing autobus routes on routes not requiring rolling stock with capacity 100 passengers. For such routes 8 m and 10 m low-floor buses (depending of passenger traffic) are recommended. The proposals on the new routes were analyzed in the new transport model for Kramatorsk. As a result of such reorganization of the routes, a number of routes was decreased twice and one third reduction of greenhouse gas emissions was achieved, while the number of transfers and duration of travel remained the same. Trolleybuses will be used for 55% of passenger traffic, 8-10 m low-floor buses will be used for more than 30% of passenger traffic; the share of fixed-run taxis in passenger traffic will not exceed 15%.
  4. Developing cycling infrastructure. According to a sociological survey, only 1% of all trips are made by cycling and cyclists are older than 35 years old that is the proof of the fact that bicycles are not popular among young people in the city.
  5. Implementing Advanced Traffic Management System, a modern tool for traffic light control and coordination allowing reduce the number of delays in traffic, increase traffic safety; reducing harmful emissions and noise.

For traffic optimization and reducing transport operation costs and unproductive labor costs and a negative impact on environment, MDI made necessary calculations for optimizing traffic light cycles based on the "green wave" approach. Special software Lisa+ and PTV Vissim were used.


Visualized "green wave" is available at https://youtu.be/MiOq0e6R86s